Astrobiotechnology: molecular steps towards the boundaries of space exploration
Biotechnology can be roughly defined as the exploitation of biological processes and, especially, the genetic manipulation of microorganisms for environmental, biomedical, and industrial purposes. Combining a wide range of applications with minimal-size equipment, classical and novel methods of biotechnology have already been used for SRE. From recycling waste liquids for the International Space Station (ISS) crew to detecting biomolecules on meteorites, biotechnology has displayed considerable potential. Currently, 557 experiments in biotechnology and biology are conducted using 40 facilities, according to the NASA research database.